Strange locale things happen under Tomcat/Jasper

I recently installed a webapp which uses tomcat and jasper on one of my server. Everything worked well until a template used some special chars, I got the ‘?’ chars which indicate the typical encoding issue.

Everything seemed correct, DB in UTF-8, virtual machine started with -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8, application in UTF-8, data files in UTF-8.

After an hour spend in all these checks I tried an “export LANG=it_IT.utf8” in my linux environment. Everything worked well.

Where is the point? Very simple, some jar don’t look in the JVM system properties but look for the native locale in the linux enviroment. This causes portability issues and lost of time in solving stupid problems.

Unable to read TLD “META-INF/c.tld” from JAR file

I installed the lastest version of JasperServer on my my brand new server based on tomcat6 with jdk6 but on the first page I got the message “Unable to read TLD “META-INF/c.tld” from JAR file…”.

My first try was to downgrade tomcat and jdk to a previous version andit seemed to work. I first thought in a bug somewhere in tomcat and after some time (20 minutes of my precious time!!!!!) my attention got capured by a message in catalina.out “.. file geronimo.jar skiped … contains Servet violation spec….. ”

So JasperServer contains in WEB-INF/lib some servlet libraries?!?! Could be possible it’s not a war made by me so somebody could have made some mistake. Listing the files in WEB-INF/lib i found the entire world of web libraries, included jsp-api. Yes this is the problem!

Tomcat excludes genonimo.jar because it contains Servlet api’s but loads jsp-api located in WEB-INF/lib because no checkis made. No jsp can be compiled because jasper (not jasper reports) compiles from a classloader and jsp-api are located in a different classloader.

Removig jsp-api everything works fine again.

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